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Grade 2 Mathematics

This course builds on the Grade 1 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to build their social-emotional learning skills specifically focusing on critical thinking skills, including creative and flexible ways of solving various problems.

Regarding numbers, students show, count, order, compare, and read numbers up to 200. They continue to develop skills in solving problems involving addition and subtraction. Students work with fractions and are exposed to the concept of sharing things equally.

In algebra, learn about geometric patterns and how to extend them. They also learn about equality and how to make pairs of equations equal by adjusting their numbers. Students will develop code that moves objects from one location to another on a grid.

In data, students collect, organize, display, and interpret data. They will learn about the probability of events occurring and explore probability through experiments.

In spatial sense, students continue to develop an ability to identify and sort shapes. They describe and represent the relative locations of objects and represent objects on a map. In measurement, students estimate and measure length, height, distance, and time.

In financial literacy, students build on their understanding of Canadian coins and bills. They learn how to represent money amounts in different ways and compare different amounts of money.

By investigating real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts. Such meaningful experiences build confidence by instilling a positive attitude in students towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate student learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense, numeracy skills, and frequent practice activities. This course prepares students for grade 3 mathematics.

Full Grade 2 Mathematics Course Outline

Course Code: MAT2
Curriculum Policy Document: The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 2 Mathematics
Department: Primary
Course Developer: Virtual Elementary School
Development Date: 2020


Students show, compare, and order numbers up to 200. Students count by 20s, 25s, and 50s up to 200. Students also read and write numbers up to 200.

Patterns and Equality

Students learn about patterns in addition and subtraction. They learn how to show and create various patterns and explore the concept of equality.

Addition and Subtraction

Students learn about composing and decomposing numbers and rounding numbers to the nearest ten. Students also solve addition and subtraction problems using mental strategies, math tools, and vertical equations.


Students collect, organize, and read data, create graphs, and ask and answer questions about data. Students also explore and describe probability with experiments.

Fractions, Multiplication, and Division

In this unit students investigate fractions, multiplication and division. Students analyse the relationship between a whole and the size of its parts, compare fractions, and make a whole. Students also develop an understanding of multiplication and division with equal groups.


Students identify, describe, sort, and build two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes. Students also describe locations and learn how to draw a map.


In the coding unit, students build on their knowledge by creating code using sequential and concurrent events. They practice reading code and correcting mistakes that they find.


Students count money and represent it in different ways. Students compare amounts of money to determine which has more value.


In this unit, students measure height, length, and width using centimetres and metres. Students also tell and measure time.

The Final Grade (Facilitated)

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam in this course.