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Virtual Elementary School (VES) provides options for your child's education:

- You may choose to have your child do the course
*without*a VES teacher - the**Independent**course version. - You may choose for your child to have a teacher to facilitate the course but allow your child to move
through the course at their own pace- the
**Facilitated**course version. - You may also choose for your child to have a teacher but move through the course on a set schedule with
other students in a
**Learning Pod**.

Upon selecting the Register button, you will be redirected to VirtualHighSchool.com. The registration process for VES is completed using the same system that is used when registering with Virtual High School.

**Register for three or more Independent courses and save 15% on the total tuition cost.**

This offer is per one student account, per transaction. The offer does not apply to Facilitated courses.

## Course |
## Course Outline |
## Independent## $79 |
## Facilitated## $399 |
---|---|---|---|

Grade 1 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 2 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 3 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 4 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 4 Science & Technology | Outline | ||

Grade 5 Language | Outline | ||

Grade 5 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 5 Science & Technology | Outline | ||

Grade 6 Language | Outline | ||

Grade 6 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 6 Science & Technology | Outline | ||

Grade 7 Language | Outline | ||

Grade 7 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 7 Science & Technology | Outline | ||

Grade 8 Language | Outline | ||

Grade 8 Mathematics | Outline | ||

Grade 8 Science & Technology | Outline |

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This course builds on the Kindergarten curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to build their social-emotional learning skills by focusing specifically on positive motivation and how to use self-talk strategies to themselves and their peers.

Regarding numbers, students work with numbers up to 50 and learn how to count by various amounts. They learn how we use numbers in everyday life. Students learn basic addition and subtraction strategies. They are also introduced to basic fractions and how to divide shapes into equal parts.

In algebra, students find, continue, and create patterns and show a pattern in different ways. They also begin to work on the idea that in a number sentence, both sides of the equal sign have the same value. Students will begin to write code to order a sequence of steps and to give basic instructions to a computer. They also learn how to find simple errors in code and how to correct them.

In data, students organize data into categories and then display the data to help draw conclusions. They ask and answer questions about data.

In spatial sense, students compare the length, mass, and capacity of different objects and learn how to read a calendar. They also learn how to describe different shapes and figures.

In financial literacy, students learn about Canadian coins and bills and practice comparing their values.

Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts and build confidence by instilling a positive attitude towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate students’ learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense and numeracy skills. It also provides various activities for practice throughout. This course prepares students for grade 2 mathematics.

Full Grade 1 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT1

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 1 Mathematics

**Department:** Primary

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

Students show, compare, order, and read numbers up to 50. Students will estimate amounts up to 50.

Students will count by 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s to 50. Students will find ordinal numbers, order the months of the year, and read a calendar.

In the patterning unit, students find, describe, and create patterns. Students use shapes, colours, numbers, sounds, and actions to create and analyse patterns around them.

Students develop an understanding of basic addition and subtraction, including utilizing the appropriate symbols. Students learn mental strategies and how to solve word problems.

In this unit students measure attributes of 2D and 3D shapes. They use measure to compare, describe, and order objects.

Students sort and build two- and three-dimensional shapes and figures. Students find and describe symmetry in shapes and create symmetrical designs. Students describe locations on maps.

In this unit, students learn about recording, organizing, and reading data in pictographs and concrete graphs. Students also ask and answer questions about graphs.

Students explore composing and decomposing numbers up to 50, and develop a basic understanding of fractions through learning about wholes, halves, and fourths. Students learn how to divide shapes into equal parts.

In the coding unit, students are introduced to coding and learn how to give basic instructions to computers. Students learn how to find and correct mistakes in code.

Students explore probability through examining likely and unlikely events in everyday situations by describing and comparing the likelihood of events.

Students learn about the value of coins and bills. Students count and compare money amounts. Students also solve addition related to money by counting the value of multiple coins.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam in this course.

This course builds on the Grade 1 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to build their social-emotional learning skills specifically focusing on critical thinking skills, including creative and flexible ways of solving various problems.

Regarding numbers, students show, count, order, compare, and read numbers up to 200. They continue to develop skills in solving problems involving addition and subtraction. Students work with fractions and are exposed to the concept of sharing things equally.

In algebra, learn about geometric patterns and how to extend them. They also learn about equality and how to make pairs of equations equal by adjusting their numbers. Students will develop code that moves objects from one location to another on a grid.

In data, students collect, organize, display, and interpret data. They will learn about the probability of events occurring and explore probability through experiments.

In spatial sense, students continue to develop an ability to identify and sort shapes. They describe and represent the relative locations of objects and represent objects on a map. In measurement, students estimate and measure length, height, distance, and time.

In financial literacy, students build on their understanding of Canadian coins and bills. They learn how to represent money amounts in different ways and compare different amounts of money.

By investigating real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts. Such meaningful experiences build confidence by instilling a positive attitude in students towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate student learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense, numeracy skills, and frequent practice activities. This course prepares students for grade 3 mathematics.

Full Grade 2 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT2

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 2 Mathematics

**Department:** Primary

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

Students show, compare, and order numbers up to 200. Students count by 20s, 25s, and 50s up to 200. Students also read and write numbers up to 200.

Students learn about patterns in addition and subtraction. They learn how to show and create various patterns and explore the concept of equality.

Students learn about composing and decomposing numbers and rounding numbers to the nearest ten. Students also solve addition and subtraction problems using mental strategies, math tools, and vertical equations.

Students collect, organize, and read data, create graphs, and ask and answer questions about data. Students also explore and describe probability with experiments.

In this unit students investigate fractions, multiplication and division. Students analyse the relationship between a whole and the size of its parts, compare fractions, and make a whole. Students also develop an understanding of multiplication and division with equal groups.

Students identify, describe, sort, and build two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes. Students also describe locations and learn how to draw a map.

In the coding unit, students build on their knowledge by creating code using sequential and concurrent events. They practice reading code and correcting mistakes that they find.

Students count money and represent it in different ways. Students compare amounts of money to determine which has more value.

In this unit, students measure height, length, and width using centimetres and metres. Students also tell and measure time.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam in this course.

This course builds on the Grade 2 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social-emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to build their social-emotional learning skills by focusing specifically on real-world problems and solutions that different individuals might encounter. They will practice different ways of exploring problems in order to find solutions that best suit their level of understanding and come to recognize that different people may arrive at solutions by using a variety of unique tools and strategies.

Regarding numbers, students will become familiar with numbers up to 1000 by counting, representing, identifying, comparing, and ordering different numbers according to different problem sets. They will learn how to break down numbers in different ways.

In algebra, students will use different strategies and tools to help them address number problems. They will use whole numbers and fractions to explore algebra, addition and subtraction, multiplication and division, and patterning. They will use real-life problems and algebraic reasoning skills to explore relationships, patterns, and expressions. They will also write code in order to perform repeating operations as a further exploration of repeating patterns.

In data, students will learn how to collect, organize, display, and organize data. They will use surveys, graphs, charts, and tables in order to inform decisions, make predictions, and draw conclusions. They will employ statistical analysis techniques and explore probability in order to make predictions.

In spatial sense, students will develop skills by exploring shapes and measurement. They will identify, sort, compare, and construct a variety of 2D and 3D shapes. They will also describe the movement of different shapes by exploring flips, turns, and slides on a coordinate plane. Students will explore measurements of length, height, distance, perimeter, area, mass, and capacity in a variety of different units and contextual situations. They will also learn how to tell time on both digital and analog clocks.

In financial literacy, students will continue to develop their understanding of money by familiarizing themselves with different bills, coins, and interactions that require calculating change. They will estimate, calculate, add, subtract, and show equivalency for different money amounts in a variety of true to life problem sets.

Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts and build confidence by instilling a positive attitude towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate students’ learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense and numeracy skills. It also provides various activities for practice throughout. This course prepares students for grade 4 mathematics.

Full Grade 3 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT3

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 3 Mathematics

**Department:** Primary

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

Students will initially explore reading and writing numbers up to 100 before practicing skip counting by 50s, 100s, and 200s. They will practice representing, comparing and ordering numbers up to 1000 and develop an understanding of the relationships among the numbers 1, 10, 100, and 1000. Students will explore the place values of four-digit numbers and practice composing and decomposing three-digit numbers using a variety of different tools and strategies. Lastly, students will learn how to round two-digit numbers to the nearest ten using a variety of different tools.

Through modelling, exploration, and the use of different tools and strategies, students will become familiar with solving addition and subtraction problems with two- and three-digit numbers. They will explore the relationships between addition and subtraction using fact families and problems that require finding the missing number in an equation. They will also use estimation to explore plausible answers to addition and subtraction problems.

Students will identify, describe, create, and extend repeating patterns that involve shapes and numbers. They will also create number patterns with addition and explore different characteristics of simple geometric patterns.

Students will begin by sorting data and objects according to certain properties. They will then practice collecting, organizing, and displaying data according to different recording, and graphing techniques. They will practice reading data in charts, tables, and different kinds of graphs. They will be introduced to means and modes in data sets and will practice using data to answer questions. Probability experiments will be conducted in order to further data collection and recording skills and to practice making predictions.

Students will begin by dividing whole objects, or groups of objects into equal parts. Using a variety of different tools, students will explore equivalent fractions. Students will spend most of the unit exploring multiplying and dividing numbers from 1 to 10. They will use a variety of different manipulatives, tools, patterns, rules, and strategies to help solve real-world multiplication and division problems.

Students will identify, describe, sort, and compare different polygons, prisms, and pyramids. They will build and describe the properties of various 2D and 3D shapes before exploring movement through flips, turns, slides, and congruency.

Students will begin coding by exploring sequential and concurrent events. Next, they will create a code using repeating events. Lastly, they will focus on debugging code.

Students will begin by familiarizing themselves with different values of coins and bills. They extend their practice with money by estimating, counting, and showing different values using coins and bills. In order to demonstrate an understanding of equivalency, students will use a variety of combinations of coins and bills interchangeably to compose specific dollar amounts. They will also practice adding and subtracting dollar amounts in a variety of real-world contexts.

Students will explore measurements of length, height, distance, perimeter, area, mass, and capacity according to a variety of different units and real-world contextual situations. They will draw and record different measures and select appropriate units in order to describe or communicate different measures. They will estimate, order, and compare different objects based on properties related to measurement.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course, and the grade reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam in this course.

This course builds on the Grade 3 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to build their social emotional learning skills by focusing specifically on the interactions and challenges they face in the world around them. They will learn to solve problems using reasoning, cooperation, tools, and a variety of different problem-solving strategies. Students will practice using math language in order to communicate their ideas and solutions in order to tell a story and to cooperate with others.

Regarding numbers, students will learn how to identify, represent, show place value, compose and decompose, compare and order numbers up to 10 000, and learn how to round four-digit numbers. They will also be introduced to reading, writing, and understanding decimal numbers. Students will explore different ways of representing, comparing, counting by, and ordering fractions. They will be able to show equivalent fractions. Students will practice addition and subtraction of four-digit numbers using a variety of tools and strategies. They will also practice multiplying and dividing numbers by 1 through 11, as well as by 100, and 1 000. Students will practice their problem-solving skills by working through real-world problems that require the use of more than one operation to find a solution.

In algebra, students will continue to expand their knowledge of patterning as they create, identify, extend, and predict repeating and increasing patterns. Students will explore the commutative and distributive property of both multiplication and addition. They will also make use of a variety of different tools and strategies in order to help them find missing numbers in equations and to solve inequalities.

In data, students will learn about the differences between qualitative and quantitative data, and primary and secondary sources of data. They will demonstrate an understanding of and the uses of the mean, medians, and modes. They will collect and organize data in order to display it in a variety of different charts and graphs, and then use their charts and graphs to create simple infographics in order to tell a story about data. They will use data, charts, graphs, infographics, and probability experiments in order to read, interpret, compare, predict, and draw conclusions based on applicable data sets.

In spatial sense, students will learn the properties and characteristics of rectangles and learn how to identify, describe, reflect, and translate different angles and shapes. They will learn how to differentiate among acute, right, obtuse, and straight angles, and students will explore lines of symmetry. They will also use shapes to create patterns. While exploring measurement, students will estimate, compare, and determine mass and capacity in a variety of different units and contextual situations. They will also continue to expand their knowledge of time by exploring units of minutes, hours, days, weeks, years, decades, and centuries.

In financial literacy, students will be exposed to the different methods of payment that are used in modern society. They will estimate and calculate costs, make change for cash purchases, and explore the relationships among spending, saving, earning, investing, and donating. They will build good financial sense by practicing how to determine whether purchases are worthwhile.

Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts and build confidence by instilling a positive attitude towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate students’ learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense and numeracy skills. It also provides various activities for practice throughout. This course prepares students for grade 5 mathematics.

Full Grade 4 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT4

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 4 Mathematics

**Department:** Junior

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

In the Representing Numbers unit, students learn to read and write numbers up to 10 000, show an understanding of place value up to 10 000, represent, compare, and order numbers up to 10 000. They also round four-digit numbers in real-life situations.

In the Geometry unit, students draw lines of symmetry on 2D shapes, and identify, compare, and classify quadrilaterals. They learn how to identify various angles. Students identify, perform, and describe reflections and learn to create patterns using reflections.

In the Addition and Subtraction unit, students add and subtract four-digit numbers using partial sums, add and subtract four-digit numbers vertically.

In the Multiplication and Division unit, students multiply ad multiply and divide numbers from 1 to 10. They multiply and divide by 10, 100, and 1 000 using mental strategies and multiply and divide using a variety of tools. Students solve vertical multiplication equations, divide two-digit and three-digit by one-digit numbers. Students describe relationships using multiplication, and explore multiplication and unit rates. They also solve problems involving more than one operation.

In the Patterning and Algebra unit, students create and extend patterns, analyze terms and term numbers, create number patterns, and predict terms in a pattern. Students also determine the relationship between multiplication and division, find the missing number in a multiplication problem, and identify the commutative and distributive properties.

In the Fractions and Decimal Numbers unit, students represent fractions, identify the fraction of a group, compare and order fractions, show equivalent fractions, and count by halves, thirds, fourths, and tenths. Students also read and write decimal numbers, show place values from 0.1 to 10 000, represent, compare, and order decimal numbers up to tenths, count forward, add and subtract decimal numbers, and explore the relationship between fractions and decimal numbers.

In this unit, students learn how to write and execute code to draw shapes. They learn the concepts of variables and nested events. Students learn how to debug code with nested events.

In the Data unit, students collect data by conducting a survey and collect and organize data in charts, tables, and graphs. They learn how to create an infographic to represent data. Students read, interpret, and draw conclusions on data, demonstrate an understanding of the median, describe and compare sets of data, and explore probability and probability experiments.

In the Measurement unit, students estimate, measure, and record mass. Students investigate grams and kilograms, capacity, millilitres and litres, and volume. They also compare mass and capacity. Students determine elapsed time and solve problems involving years, decades, and centuries.

In this unit students identify different methods of payment and learn how to estimate and calculate cost using addition. They calculate the change for a cash purchase. Students explore spending, saving, earning, investing, and donating while exploring the concept of good purchases.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam in this course.

This course builds on the Grade 3 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental sientific and technological concepts by exploring topics related to life systems, structures, mechanisms, matter, energy, Earth’s systems, and space systems. Students will learn how science and technology relate to society and the environment. They will start to understand the basic concepts of science and technology while developing the skills, strategies, and habits of mind required for scientific inquiry and technological problem-solving.

As part of life systems, students will focus on habitats, natural communities, and the impacts that changes to habitats can have on plants and animals. Students will learn that living things (including humans) rely on other living things for the energy and resources they need to live. They will also investigate factors that alter various habitats and communities, including factors that occur naturally and those that result from human action.

For structures and mechanisms, students will delve deeper into understanding simple machines by looking at pulleys and gears. Students will learn that pulleys and gears can transfer motion from one object to another, transform one kind of motion into another, change the speed and direction of an object’s motion, and change the amount of force needed to move an object. They will identify how these devices are used to improve everyday life, learn about mechanical advantage, and apply what they have learned through investigations of their own design.

Students will also explore the properties of light and sound by investigating and observing how these forms of energy interact with various objects in the environment. Students will discover ways in which materials can be used to transmit, reflect, or absorb light and sound in order to control these energies. They will then begin to apply this knowledge by constructing simple devices and examining the impact of technologies related to sound and light on our everyday lives.

Finally, students will explore Earth and space systems through the study of rocks and minerals, which is also known as the science of geology. By examining different types of rocks and minerals found in Earth’s crust, students will learn that the unique characteristics and properties of rocks and minerals are a result of how they were formed. These properties then determine the possible uses of these resources.

**Course Code:** SCI4

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grades 1-8 Science and Technology

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

In this unit, students will learn how plants and animals are interdependent and adapt to their particular habitats. They will learn that changes to habitats (whether caused by natural or human means) can affect plants and animals and the relationships between them. They will also start to understand that society relies on plants and animals.

In this unit, students will learn how pulleys and gears change the speed, direction, motion of, and force exerted on, moving objects. They will learn how pulleys and gears make it possible for a small input force to generate a large output force. They will also start to understand how gears are specialized wheels and axles that are used daily in many machines.

In this unit, students will learn how light and sound are forms of energy with specific properties. They will learn how sound is created by vibrations and how light is required to see. They will also start to understand how technological innovations involving light and sound have impacts on the environment.

In this unit, students will learn how rocks and minerals have unique characteristics and properties that are a result of how they were formed. They will learn how the properties of rocks and minerals determine society’s possible uses for them. They will also start to understand how our use of rocks and minerals affects the environment.

In this course, students will do more than master basic language skills, they will learn to value the power of language and use it responsibly. Students will learn how to express feelings and opinions and support these opinions with research. They will learn how to use language in formal and informal situations and how to communicate clearly; orally, in writing, and through a variety of media. As students read and reflect on a rich variety of literary, informational, and media texts, they will develop a deeper understanding of themselves and others and of the world around them. They will also develop the ability to understand and critically interpret a range of texts and to recognize that a text conveys one particular perspective among many.

**Course Code:** LAN5

**Curriculum Policy Document:** Language, Grades 1 – 8, 2006 Revised

**Department:** Junior

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2016

Students will learn about the book of *Guiness World Records*. They will read and analyze parts of these texts while practicing before, during, and after reading strategies. Students will be given the opportunity to complete numerous interactive activities and to view several short video clips which focus on enhancing active listening skills. Students will discuss lesson materials while applying formal speaking strategies and finally, students will set personal Language goals that they would like to accomplish during the duration of this course. They will design and implement a plan how to achieve these goals.

A very important guest by the name of Mr. Tiddle will visit the Virtual Elementary School classroom and whisk away one lucky student to take part in a cross-cultural adventure. Mr. Tiddle is the make-believe owner of a board game company in Toronto called Schwallemer Games. He is facing problems with his business because there are other competitors who are becoming more popular. His goal is to find a Grade 5 student to design a new, unique and innovative board game. This student will travel to countries around the World to learn about their cultures and various games. The student will be asked to complete tasks and assignments that will enhance literacy skills such as the ability to give effective presentations. There will also be numerous reading, writing, and viewing exercises.

Students will learn about two important gold rushes that occurred in Canadian history including the Klondike Gold Rush, and the Caribou Gold Rush. Students will experience a series of flash-backs that will take them back in time to Dawson City. During these flash-backs, students will meet key figures like Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie. They will learn what life was like during the gold rushes while continuing to strengthen crucial literacy skills. There will be two novel studies in this unit.

Students are back in the Virtual Elementary School classroom setting for this unit. However, strange things seem to be happening at the school. For example, when asked to go to the Art Supplies closet, an unexpected green alien is hiding out amongst the art supplies. Are these events real, or are they imaginary? Students will learn the differences between fiction and non-fiction literature. They will read and view numerous examples of these two writing styles. They will examine Expository Writing components as well as Narrative Writing components. There are many opportunities for students to read and to write in this unit.

Virtual Elementary School has another exciting visitor who comes to talk to the class. This famous individual is none other than Walt Disney. He teaches the students about cartoon animation from past to present. Students will observe, interpret, and create many of their own cartoons, comic-strips, and animations. Spelling tips and strategies will also be practiced in this unit. Students will be given the chance to read several graphic texts and to write and to create their own graphic texts.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. There is no final assessment, such as an exam, in this course.

This course builds on the Grade 4 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to build their social emotional learning skills by focusing specifically on their unique understandings and ways of interpreting problems. They will be encouraged to observe how other people solve problems and what they can learn from one another. Students will be given the tools and language to share their mathematical knowledge with others so they can work cooperatively to solve problems in a variety of different ways.

Regarding numbers, students will continue to expand their number sense and numeracy by working with numbers up to 100 000. Students will learn how to read, write, represent, compare, order, and solve problems using numbers up to 100 000. They will continue practicing multiplication and division problems by multiplying and dividing two, and three-digit numbers, and fractions. They will use mental math strategies to find solutions to addition and subtraction problems and will practice solving problems that involve more than one operation. While working with decimal numbers, students will practice reading, writing, representing, comparing, ordering, rounding, adding, and subtracting decimal numbers. They will do similar tasks with fractions, including comparing and ordering proper and improper fractions and mixed numbers. They will also be introduced to adding and subtracting fractions with like denominators.

In algebra, students will practice identifying, extending, creating, and predicting geometric growing, shrinking, and repeating patterns. They will also explore how to make a table of values and graph points on a coordinate plane in order to further explore relationships in patterns. They will also explore number patterns. Students will begin to write and solve algebraic expressions and equations and will practice their understanding of equivalent relationships and solving inequalities. While exploring coding, student will read, use, and alter conditional statements and other control structures to solve problems.

In data, students will continue to explore different data collection, sampling, and organization methods, as well as practice making use of mean, medians, and modes. In addition to making their own infographics to represent data and tell a story, students will analyze data that has been presented in different formats. They will continue their experimentation, understanding, and theoretical knowledge of probability and probability experiments.

In spatial sense, students will continue their exploration of acute, right, obtuse, and straight angles in order to identify, measure, and construct different angles. Students will also identify, classify, and construct triangles and other shapes using a compass, protractor, and understanding of congruency. Students will draw objects from a variety of different perspectives, and describe and perform different translations. Using a variety of different units and real-world contexts, students will estimate, measure, create, solve, and convert measurement problems for area and perimeter. They will also continue to explore measurements of mass and capacity and how to select the best unit of measure for the task at hand.

In financial literacy, students will learn about the different methods of transferring money. They will estimate and calculate the cost of transactions and learn how to design and balance budgets. They will begin to develop an understanding of credit, debt, and tax and use unit rates to find the best value.

Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts and build confidence by instilling a positive attitude towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate students’ learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense and numeracy skills. It also provides various activities for practice throughout. This course prepares students for grade 6 mathematics.

Full Grade 5 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT5

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 5 Mathematics

**Department:** Junior

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

In the Numbers Up to 100 000 unit, students learn to read and write numbers up to 10 000, explore place value up to 100 000, and represent numbers up to 100 000. Students also compare and order whole numbers and solve problems up to 100 000.

In the Multiplication and Division unit, students solve addition and subtraction problems, multiply two-digit numbers, and solve multiplication whole numbers by 0.1 and 0.01 mentally. Students also investigate relationships involving whole number rates, divide with concrete materials and algorithms, and divide three-digit whole numbers with standard algorithms. Students also find the missing number in addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division equations.

In the Geometry unit, students identify acute, right, obtuse, and straight angles, and measure and construct angles up to 180°. Students identify and classify triangles from their angle and side properties, and they construct triangles. Students identify and construct two-dimensional congruent shapes and draw objects from different views. Furthermore, students plot and read coordinates on a Cartesian plane and identify, describe, and perform transformations on a grid.

In the Working with Decimal Numbers unit, students explore place value of decimal numbers and represent, compare, and order decimal numbers. Students round decimal numbers to the nearest tenth. Students show equivalent decimal numbers, and add and subtract decimal numbers.

In the Fractions unit, students represent proper and improper fractions, represent mixed numbers, convert improper fractions and mixed numbers, and show equivalent fractions. Students also compare proper and improper fractions and compare and order fractions and mixed numbers. Furthermore, students explore equivalent fractions and decimal numbers and investigate the relationship between fractions and decimal numbers. Students add and subtract fractions with like denominators. They multiply and divide whole numbers by fractions.

In this unit, students identify, extend, and create geometric and numeric patterns, and build models from a table to show numeric patterns. Students make tables of values by adding or subtracting a rule in words and make a table of values for a pattern generated by multiplying or dividing. Students also make predictions related to growing and shrinking geometric and numeric patterns. Students extend and create repeating patterns using translation and explore patterns among whole numbers and decimals. Students explore equivalent relationships and evaluate algebraic expressions. They solve inequalities with whole numbers.

Students learn about conditional students and practice coding using them and other control structures. Students solve problems involving code, and read and alter code involving various control structures.

In the Data unit, students explore samples of larger populations, collect and record data, organize data in charts, tables and graphs, as well as read, interpret, and draw conclusions from data. Students create infographics to represent data. Students calculate the mean, median, and mode and use them to describe data and compare sets of data. To investigate probability, students explore possible outcomes in a probability experiment, represent probability using fractions, and perform a probability experiment.

In the measurement unit, students estimate and measure the perimeter of polygons, find unknown side lengths, estimate and measure the area of polygons, and create 2D shapes with the same perimeter or area. Students learn how to calculate the area of triangles and parallelograms. Students solve problems by converting metres into centimetres, and converting kilometres into metres. Furthermore, students investigate measuring the mass of an object using the appropriate unit.

In this unit, students describe how money can be transferred and estimate and calculate the cost of different transactions. Students learn how to design a budget and explore the concepts of credit and debt. Students learn how to use unit rates to find the best value and learn about tax and its applications.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam, in this course.

This course builds on the Grade 4 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental scientific and technological concepts by exploring topics related to life systems, structures, mechanisms, matter, energy, Earth’s systems, and space systems. Students will learn how science and technology relate to society and the environment. They will start to understand the basic concepts of science and technology while developing the skills, strategies, and habits of mind required for scientific inquiry and technological problem-solving.

As part of life systems, students will explore how the choices they make about their bodies may have lifelong effects. This helps students understand that the body is made up of a number of organs and that these organs are parts of systems that can be affected by a variety of factors. Students will learn the location, structure, and function of each major organ in the respiratory, circulatory, and digestive systems. Students will also develop an understanding of the importance of proper nutrition and exercise to the healthy functioning of organ systems.

For structures and mechanisms, students will identify and describe forces acting on and within structures. As they measure and compare external forces (natural or human) acting on structures and their effects on different materials, they will develop their understanding of force and the ways in which structures respond to forces. Students will begin to apply their learning by designing and building structures and mechanisms.

Students will also study the environmental impact of the production, use, and disposal of different materials. Students will also learn about commonly found states of matter (solids, liquids, and gases) and the characteristics of each. They will also explore changes of state and investigate the difference between physical changes and chemical changes. The use of heat to affect changes in matter will be relevant to the final unit on Earth and space.

Finally, students will explore Earth and space by learning about the conservation of energy and the use of renewable or alternative sources of energy. They will discover how energy consumption and production are important factors in maintaining our present standard of living and ensuring adequate energy supplies for future generations. Students will also learn to recognize the immediate and long-term impacts and costs associated with every choice.

**Course Code:** SCI5

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grades 1-8 Science and Technology

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

In this unit, students will learn how organ systems are components of a larger system (the body) and, as such, work together and affect one another. They will learn that organ structures are linked to their functions and that systems in the human body work together to meet our basic needs. They will also start to understand that the choices we make affect our organ systems and, in turn, our overall health.

In this unit, students will learn how structures and mechanisms throughout our environment have forces that act on and within them. They will learn that we can measure forces in order to determine how they affect structures and mechanisms and use this information to guide the design of new structures and mechanisms. They will also start to understand that forces that result from natural phenomena have an effect on society and the environment.

In this unit, students will learn that there are three states of matter and how matter that changes state is still the same matter. They will learn that physical change refers to the fact that a substance can be changed from one form to another and that chemical change implies the formation of a new substance. They will also start to understand that the properties of materials determine their use and may have an effect on society and the environment.

In this unit, students will learn that energy sources are either renewable or non-renewable and that although energy can neither be created nor destroyed, it can be transformed. They will learn that choices about using energy and resources have both immediate and long-term impacts. They will also start to understand that conservation (reducing our use of energy and resources) is one way to reduce the impacts of energy and resource use.

Students will use their life experiences and knowledge from the foundational skills acquired in their primary school years to complete creative, descriptive, and persuasive writing assignments and compelling presentations. Students will engage in meaningful interactions with texts and will explore complex topics through personal reflection. Multiple perspectives will be identified by exploring regional cultures and through the study of media literacy. Upon completion of this course, students will have the proficiency to enter the intermediate language course.

**Course Code:** LAN6

**Curriculum Policy Document:** Language, Grades 1 – 8, 2006 Revised

**Department:** Junior

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2012

The first unit of the course will examine non-fiction literature with a focus on media literacy. Presentation skills are reviewed with respect to reading out loud to a specific audience and are assessed through creative writing as well as informational texts. Finally, a checkup of writing descriptively is explored as students develop their skillset for this course.

Students explore various festivals around the world through reading and writing activities. They will learn to write using connective text and utilize their creative side when creating visual media projects. They will learn to write persuasively as they propose an interesting festival in their own community.

The elements of non-fiction and fiction are examined, specifically myths and legends. After learning further writing tools, students will create a dialogue, an invention, and a piece of persuasive fiction. Presentation skills are revisited in preparation of writing a song and the design of a commercial. A full legend is written utilizing the whole writing process including story mapping, rough draft, editing, revision and final draft.

Fiction is examined as students travel across Canada using a VIA rail pass that takes them to the far reaches of the country. Exploring regional cultures and everything that characterizes them provides the backdrop for student reflection and the creation of an fictional autobiography. Students continue to learn to speak with confidence and present their opinions to others. Reinforcing personal reflection results when students learn how to properly journal their own thoughts.

The final unit of this course consolidates the skills in reading comprehension that students have been exposed to since the first unit. Many of the reading and writing activities are conducted in a shared method, using the coach or peers at home to move through some of the lessons with. Learning the skills associated with writing a great introduction, developing characters and plots, as well as creating an effective climax and conclusion are displayed in the production of a complete fictional story. This final project allows the student to establish themself as one ready to enter the Intermediate language program.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. There is no final assessment, such as an exam, in this course.

This course builds on the Grade 5 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social- emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students build their social emotional learning skills by focusing specifically on breaking down problems in order to understand questions in simple terms. Such methods can be applied to mathematical reasoning. Students are encouraged to explore how to arrive at solutions in a variety of ways in order to apply their mathematical thinking creatively and in a way that serves their unique perspectives and understandings.

Regarding numbers, students will be introduced to scientific notation in order to be able to read, represent, compare, order, and round both small and large numbers. They will do the same using whole numbers, mixed numbers, fractions, percentages, and decimal numbers. They will learn about prime and composite numbers as well as integers, ratios, and unit rates. While furthering their operational knowledge, they will practice multiplying and dividing four and two-digit numbers and decimal numbers. They will also practice adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing decimal numbers, whole numbers, fractions, percentages, and mixed numbers.

In algebra, students will practice solving equations with one, two, and three variables and add monomials. They will also solve, verify, and graph inequalities. While expanding their coding knowledge, they will use code structures and practice debugging code.

In data, student will explore the differences between discrete and continuous data. They will continue to collect, organize, and display data in a variety of appropriate graphs, charts, tallies, and other visual formats. They will create infographics in order to display data in a way that tells a story about their findings. They will also continue to expand their knowledge and understanding of probability by conducting a variety of different probability experiments.

In spatial sense, students will explore the geometric properties of different quadrilaterals. They will sort polygons according to regular and irregular properties and use knowledge of angles to measure, construct, and find angle measurements. Students will also build 3D models using drawings. Spatial understanding will be further developed by plotting points on a Cartesian plane and by exploring measurement. Students will continue to estimate, measure, and record measures of length, area, mass, and capacity and will practice converting measurements to different units.

In financial literacy, students will compare different types of payment methods in order to develop a better understanding of their uses. Students will learn about different types of financial goals, see how such goals may be reached, and gain an understanding of interest and other financial fees.

Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts and build confidence by instilling a positive attitude towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate students’ learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense and numeracy skills. It also provides various activities for practice throughout. This course prepares students for grade 7 mathematics.

Full Grade 6 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT6

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 6 Mathematics

**Department:** Junior

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

In the Numbers unit, students read and write numbers up to 1 000 000, understand, represent, compare, and order numbers, and solve word problems up to 1 000 000. Students identify prime and composite numbers and find the prime factors for composite numbers. Students also understand place value and represent, compare, and order decimal numbers.

In the Geometry unit, students sort and classify quadrilaterals, sort and construct polygons, and classify, measure, and construct angles. They learn how to find unknown angles. Students build 3D models using drawings and sketch isometric perspectives and different views. Furthermore, students plot and read points on a Cartesian plane.

In the Operations unit, students multiply and divide four-digit numbers by two-digit numbers, add and subtract decimal numbers to thousandths, and multiply and divide decimal numbers by whole numbers using concrete materials and algorithms.

In the Fractions, Percentages, Ratios, and Unit Rates unit, students represent fractions, compare fractions and mixed numbers using tools and fraction notation, and order fractions and mixed numbers. Students add and subtract fractions and multiply and divide whole numbers by proper fractions. They solve problems involving rations and learn how to calculate the percentage of a whole numbers. Students learn about the relationships among percentages, decimals, and fractions and explore the concept of unit rates.

In the Data Management and Probability unit, students learn about discrete and continuous data, collect and organize data, select appropriate graphs, use technology, and determine how well a set of data represents a population. They learn how to create an infographic to represent data. Furthermore, students express theoretical probability as a fraction/decimal/percentage, represent probability on a range of 0 to 1, and predict the outcome of a probability experiment.

In algebra, students learn to add monomials. They solve equations and problems involving one, two, and three variables. Students solve, verify, and graph inequalities.

In the Patterning unit, students identify various repeating, growing, and shrinking patterns. They extend, create, translate, and represent patterns. Students use algebraic representations of pattern rules to solve problems. They use patterns to illustrate the relationship between whole and decimal numbers.

Students use various control structures to write efficient code. They solve problems using efficient code and debug and correct errors in coding to make it more efficient.

In the Measurement unit, students estimate, measure, and record length, area, mass, and capacity. Students convert metric units and find the areas of quadrilaterals and polygons. Students estimate and calculate the surface area of a rectangular prism and a triangular prism.

In this unit, students compare different methods of payments and learn the different types of financial goals. Students identify factors that affect how reaching these financial goals may occur. Students describe how financial resources can be distributed and learn the concept of interest.

Students will learn that biodiversity includes diversity among individuals, species, and ecosystems. Through investigations and observations, students will learn the substantial effects of flight technologies on both society and the environment and the properties that make flight possible. In unit three, students will build on prior learning of electricity by exploring devices that convert electricity to other forms of energy, as well as energy conservation and alternative ways of producing energy. Finally, students will study objects in the sky, particularly their form, movements, and interactions, and past and present-day space science.

**Course Code:** SCI6

**Curriculum Policy Document:** Science & Technology, Grades 1 – 8, 2006 Revised

**Department:** Junior

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2012 (Revised in 2019)

The first unit in the Grade 6 Science course examines the diverse world of living things around us. Classifying these organisms as well as investigating the threats they face in the region where you live is a theme that prevalent throughout the unit. On a global scale, examining climate change and the resulting species at risk sets up the final section of the unit; protecting this valuable resource that spans communities, countries, and the ecosystems within them - biodiversity.

Students must first learn about the properties of air that make flight possible. Through investigations, observations, and experiments, students will discover that flight occurs when the characteristics of structures take advantage of certain properties of air. They will then apply their newly acquired knowledge to design and test a flying device. In the final unit, students will examine the impact flight has on society and the environment as a whole.

Building on their prior learning, students will explore devices that convert electricity to other forms of energy. The design and safe construction of circuits should further strengthen students’ understanding of how electrical systems work. Students apply and communicate their understanding of renewable and non-renewable resources used to produce electricity.

In learning about space, students will focus on past and present-day contributions of space science to the quality of human life while developing an understanding of the natural and man-made structures found in our universe. Space technology’s impact on the environment and the venture into commercial space travel are explored.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final letter grade represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. There is no final assessment, such as an exam, in this course.

This course will review and expand upon literary forms such as poetry, descriptive writing, fiction and non-fiction, as well as oral communication skills. Students will have the opportunity to explore the influence of media on their lives, create media texts, and develop research skills through expository writing. By taking this course, students will gain to a greater level of independence as language users and ready themselves for the grade 8 Language course.

**Course Code:** LAN7

**Curriculum Policy Document:** Language, Grades 1 – 8, 2006 Revised

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2012

The first unit of the course will examine various literary forms and encourage the student to begin to write freely and descriptively. Numerous writing tools are reviewed, modeled, and practiced as students read various forms of texts including fiction, poetry, and scripts. Finally, passive and active listening is reviewed to prepare them for the oral component of the course.

Students explore numerous types of inventions including historical, futuristic, and aboriginal ones that inform their design and development of some media literacy. Combining expository and persuasive writing styles offers students a chance to create emotionally charged texts.

Non-fiction as a form is closely inspected as well as the various criteria that define it. Students will be exposed to the types of non-fiction elements they may find in the world around them in the content of the unit itself. Writing a formal speech and presenting it to the teacher form the final major oral assignment.

Interactive writing takes the stage in this exciting unit as students develop an understanding of how to create this reader focused form of writing. Exploring classic fiction and learning about more advanced writing techniques, such as foreshadowing, allow students increased proficiency in narrative writing.

The final unit of this course consolidates the skills in reading comprehension that students have been exposed to since the first unit. Students are encouraged to let their creativity take over as they learn about mythical lands and are forced to decide if some are based on fact, or fiction. Continued exposure and mastering of reading and writing tools, allow the student to ready themselves for the Grade 8 language program.

This course builds on the Grade 6 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students will be encouraged to build their social-emotional learning skills by specifically focusing on how to cope with stress and by managing complex challenges. Students learn to break down a task into smaller portions, make a plan, and work with it one step at a time.

Regarding numbers, students work with numbers up to 1 billion, rational numbers, squares numbers and square roots. Students learn key multiplication facts from 0 × 0 to 12 × 12, begin to generate factors, work with multiples, and add and subtract fractions by using equivalent fractions. Students also develop their understanding of problems involving adding and subtracting integers.

In algebra, students extend their understanding of patterns in whole numbers and relate their understanding to patterns in decimals numbers. They solve equations involving multiple terms, whole numbers, and decimal numbers. Students learn to write code that executes a probability experiment.

In data, students learn how to use circle graphs to represent data. They begin to analyse data that is represented by potentially misleading graphs. Students also examine the differences between independent events and dependent events and their probabilities.

In spatial sense, students learn about the circumference, diameter, radius, and area or circles. They then extend this knowledge to find measurements for the surface area and volume of cylinders and other three-dimensional objects. Students also learn how to dilate a shape.

In financial literacy, students start learning about international currencies, exchange rates, and how various currencies differ in value from one another. Student are introduced to concepts of planning for and reaching financial goals. They also develop an understanding of how interest rates affect savings, investments, and borrowing, and they start to compare different types of accounts and loans.

Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts and build confidence by instilling a positive attitude towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate students’ learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense and numeracy skills. It also provides various activities for practice throughout. This course prepares students for grade 8 mathematics.

Full Grade 7 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT7

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 7 Mathematics

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

In the Read, Represent, and Compare Numbers unit, students will learn to read, represent, and compare whole numbers, decimal numbers, and fractions. They will also learn about multiples and factors and how to determine them for whole numbers. Students will explore square numbers and square roots and learn how to add and subtract integers.

In the Geometry unit, students will learn to describe and classify 3D figures, draw figures and shapes using different perspective views, and understand how shapes can be similar without being identical. They will also learn how to dilate a shape by drawing a version of the same shape that is larger or smaller but having the same proportions. In addition, students will transform shapes on a grid.

In the Operations unit, students will extend their knowledge to multiply and divide fractions and decimal numbers. They will solve multi-step problems involving both multiplication and division and start to use exponents to represent repeated multiplication.

In the Fractions unit, students will add and subtract fractions, improper fractions, and mixed numbers, as well as learn how to simplify fractions.

In the Proportional Relationships unit, students will learn to generate equivalencies among fractions, decimal numbers, and percentages. They will develop this skill to solve problems involving percentages of whole numbers and increasing and decreasing whole numbers by percent. In addition, students will solve problems involving unit rates.

In the Data unit, students will learn ways to collect data, represent data, and convey messages using data in infographics. Students will also explore central tendency and the ways in which to determine the different types, as well as learning how to analyse data to make inferences and draw conclusions.

In the Patterning and Algebra unit, students will explore and compare number patterns in whole numbers and integers. They will also be introduced to algebraic expressions, monomials, and inequalities.

In the Coding unit, students will learn to read, write, alter, and debug code that is controlled by defined counts and uses sub-programs.

In the Measurement unit, students will solve problems relating to perimeter, area, volume, capacity, and surface area. Students will also explore measurements of circles, such as their circumference and area. They will then be able to determine the surface area and volume of cylinders.

In the Financial Literacy unit, students will explore international currencies and compare their value to Canadian dollars and other currencies. They will explore how to plan for and reach a financial goal using budgeting, knowledge of the impact of interest rates, and fees associated with different types of accounts.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final percentage represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration is given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write a final exam in this course.

In this course, students will study the many impacts that humans have on the environment through the exploration of existing ecosystems. In unit two, students will experiment with pure substances and mixtures and will come to recognize that most matter is either a solution or a mechanical mixture. Heat energy will be explored and students will examine the critical role heat plays in natural processes and human life. By working to understand the nature of heat, students will gain new insights into the ways that heat affects our world, the causes and effects of heat, its properties, and heat transfer. Finally, students will consider the functions that structures must perform and the impact of these structures on the environment.

**Course Code:** SCI7

**Curriculum Policy Document:** Science & Technology, Grades 1 – 8, 2006 Revised

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2012 (Revised in 2019)

The study of ecosystems is an introduction to the study of ecology and involves investigation of the complex interactions between all types of organisms and their environment. Students will learn that ecosystems consist of communities of plants and animals that are dependent on each other as well as on the non-living parts of the environment. They will also learn that groups of ecosystems make up biomes, which, in turn, are components of the biosphere. In investigating ecosystems, students will examine the effects of natural factors, such as climate changes, as well as the impact of technological changes on the environment.

By exploring the distinction between pure substances and mechanical mixtures and solutions, students will come to recognize that most matter is either a solution or a mechanical mixture-including most foods and drinks, many medicines, cosmetics, building materials, cleaning agents and so on. Introduction of a scientific model (the particle theory) used to describe the particular nature of matter will provide a conceptual basis for students’ learning in this area.

Students will learn about the causes and effects of heat. They will investigate its properties and how these are related to measurement of temperature. Students will also be introduced to the particle theory, which can help them to explain their observations and to understand both the relationship between heat and temperature and the concept of heat capacity. Society’s need to maintain its ability to produce heat is another focus of study. Students will consider ideas about recycling excess or waste heat and about how to make better use of alternative, renewable heat sources to replace non-renewable resources that are being depleted.

Students will learn more about the effects of forces that act on and within different structural forms. Using increasingly sophisticated techniques, students will continue to investigate how different structural forms support or withstand loads by designing, building, and testing solid (or mass structures), shell structures, and frame structures.

This course consolidates student’s language knowledge, skills, and strategies and their ability to use them independently. Students will create increasingly complex oral, print, and media texts. Non-fiction texts are closely inspected in this course, as well as traditional poetry and key concepts in popular culture. The final unit consolidates skills in reading comprehension and writing to ensure students have a greater level of independence as language users before entering high school.

**Course Code:** LAN8

**Curriculum Policy Document:** Language, Grades 1 – 8, 2006 Revised

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2012

The first unit of the course will examine various types of traditional poetry and encouarge the student to be creative. Presentation skills are reviewed with respect to reading out loud to a specific audience. Finally, a checkup of writing descriptively is explored as students develop their skillset for this course.

Students examine some key concepts in popular culture including consumerism, trends, marketing and advertising. They will apply and communicate their own product review after developing a new item with an advertising campaign with the knowledge and understanding they have gained. They will explore the writing tools irony and satire and apply them to a comic writing assignment.

The elements of short stories will be reviewed as well as the most common forms of this traditional literary form. Passive and active listening are considered and reflected upon. Presentation skills are revisited in preparation for the large oral assignment in the next unit. A full short story is written using the whole writing process including story mapping, rough draft, editing, revision and final draft.

Non-fiction as a form is closely inspected as well as the various criteria that define it. Students will be exposed to the types of non-fiction elements they may find in the world around them in the content of the unit itself. Various types of heroes are examined and reflected on. Writing a formal speech and presenting it to the teacher form the final major oral assignment.

Students have a choice in the final unit of the course, which consolidates the skills in reading comprehension that students have been exposed to since the first unit. After having another look at the elements of fantasy or a first look at the elements of teen angst, novel studies assess the learning skills the student has fostered over the previous months. Continued exposure to writing tools such as analogy, symbolism and metaphor allow the student to establish themself as a student ready to enter the secondary school language program.

This course builds on the Grade 7 curriculum to further develop students’ understanding of fundamental mathematical concepts by exploring topics related to number, coding, algebra, data, spatial sense, social emotional learning skills in mathematics, and financial literacy.

Throughout the course, students build their social emotional learning skills by specifically focusing on relationships with others, using math to communicate and tell a story, and understanding the perspectives of others. This increases their understanding of common bonds with peers and their appreciation of the uniqueness of other people.

Regarding numbers, students understand, represent and compare large and small numbers using scientific notation. Students use fractions, decimals, and percentages interchangeably and solidify their knowledge of square numbers and square roots of numbers up to 122. Students solve problems involving proportions, whole numbers, fractions, decimals, integers, and exponents.

In algebra, students extend their understanding of patterns to involve integers. They use algebraic notation to represent different equations. They solve algebraic equations involving multiple terms, integers, and decimal numbers. Students will increase their coding skills by writing code that uses data to inform decisions.

In data, students extend their data skills to analyze data that is presented in more complex ways. Students will compare the outcomes of more complex experiments to increase their understanding of probability.

In spatial sense, students study right-angle triangles and discover that if two side lengths are known, the length of the third can be calculated using the Pythagorean Theory. Students learn angle properties of intersecting and parallel lines to calculate unknown angles. In addition, students build their understanding of large and small units of measurement, including those used in technology.

In financial literacy, students learn to create and plan how to reach financial goals, including ways to maintain balanced budgets. Students learn about using reward programs or taking advantage of sales to find different ways so they, as consumers, can obtain the greatest value for their money when spending. Students investigate the concepts of simple and compound interest using interest calculators and explain how interest affects long-term financial planning.

Through investigation of real-life problems, students develop a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge and skills. Students apply mathematical processes and build transferrable critical thinking skills in varied teaching and consolidation activities that appeal to diverse learning styles. Students participate in engaging storylines along with characters who connect their learning to real-world contexts and build confidence by instilling a positive attitude towards mathematics. Various opportunities consolidate students’ learning through technology and offline activities, including tactile manipulatives, to reinforce essential mathematical strategies and tools. The course has a strong focus on reinforcing number sense and numeracy skills. It also provides various activities for practice throughout. This course prepares students for grade 9 mathematics.

Full Grade 8 Mathematics Course Outline**Course Code:** MAT8

**Curriculum Policy Document:** The Ontario Curriculum: Grade 8 Mathematics

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2020

In the Representing Numbers unit, students learn how to represent large and small numbers including using scientific notation. Students also learn how to describe, compare, and order rational and irrational numbers.

In the Geometry unit, students solve problems involving area, perimeter, circumference, area, volume, and angles. Students are introduced to the Pythagorean Theory as a way to find missing side lengths of right triangles. Students develop their understanding about scale drawings, transformations of shapes, and tessellation. Students also learn about large and small units of measurement.

In the Operations unit, students solve single-step, multi-step, and multi-operation problems involving rational numbers and percentages, and extend their knowledge to multiply and divide integers. Student develop mental math strategies to divide whole numbers and decimal numbers by powers of ten. In addition, students explore square numbers and square roots.

In the Fractions unit, students extend their learning to add, subtract, divide, and multiply fractions and mixed numbers.

In the Proportional Reasoning unit, students solve single-step, multi-step, and multi-operation problems involving fractions, decimal numbers, ratios, rates, and percentages.

In the Data unit, students extend their knowledge to represent, analyse, and describe relationships about data. Students also develop their understanding of probability.

In the Patterning and Algebra unit, students learn to determine the general term of a pattern using algebraic expression, create their own patterns, and describe them in different ways. Student solve algebraic equations in different ways and learn about inequalities represented with algebra.

In the Coding unit, students learn to read, create, alter, and debug code that involves data analysis and use that analysis to inform decisions.

In the Measurement unit, students solve problems involving perimeter, circumference, area, surface area, and volume of 2D and 3D shapes.

In the Financial Literacy unit, students learn how to create and maintain a balanced budget to reach a financial goal. In addition, they analyse simple and compound interest, credit cards, and reward programs that give them the best value for their money.

Student evaluation in this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations. The final percentage represents the quality of the student's overall fulfillment of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. The final grade reflects the student’s most consistent level of achievement across all units in the course, although special consideration may be given to more recent evidence of achievement. Students are not required to write an exam or work on a final assessment in this course.

In this course, students will develop their knowledge of organisms by focusing on the structure and function of cells in plants and animals. Students will explore fluids and the diverse applications involved in fluid mechanics while exploring the impact of fluids on industrial processes. The smooth functioning of society depends on a number and variety of systems and students will learn about how the needs of society influences the evolution of systems. Finally, students will learn about the water systems on earth and the important role that water systems play in global ecosystems.

**Course Code:** SCI8

**Curriculum Policy Document:** Science & Technology, Grades 1 – 8, 2006 Revised

**Department:** Intermediate

**Course Developer:** Virtual Elementary School

**Development Date:** 2012 (Revised in 2019)

The first unit in the Grade 8 Science course has students explore what is perhaps the most important physical tool a scientist uses – the microscope. The characteristics of living things and the cell theory form the basis for an understanding of the building block of life, the cell, and its components. Students will discover the process of cell division and cellular transport which will assist them as they move forward in this course and in their career as biologists. Finally, recent innovations in microbiology and the impact biological processes have on the environment are examined.

The concept of fluids major influence on our lives is introduced and examined in greater detail with the particle theory. The characteristics of fluids are investigated as they relate to viscosity, density and buoyancy. Humans ability to control the flow of fluids (fluid systems) is reviewed and students will communicate and apply an understanding of the concept when they design and build a pneumatic or hydraulic device. The impact fluids have on our environment, both good and bad, are introduced before being revisited later in the course.

An understanding that along with fluids, structures are everywhere in our lives is developed by examining both natural and man-made structures and their components. The terms mass, weight, work and energy are explored in more detail in Grade 8 and form the basis for an understanding of simple machines and their benefits. Mechanical advantage and system efficiency are terms expose students to the realization that since the beginning of time, especially since the industrial revolution, man has been creating structures to make their lives easier. At the end of the unit, students turn the microscope on themselves and investigate the ways in which they can change their own impact on the environment.

Fluids are revisited, specifically water, this time in a system approach. Water systems on a global, municipal and personal level are investigated in this final unit. The differences between fresh and salt water are examined as well as the importance both have on watersheds, weather and life. The case of Walkerton, Ontario is explored and the resulting policy changes that were made in North America. Water consumption and conservation are familiar terms that are reviewed along with what happens when too much or not enough water are present in an area. Finally, students are responsible for advising the public on a water issue.